Diabetes is a chronic disease that manifests with increased levels of sugar in the blood as a result of misbalanced secretion of insulin. This disease is also known as the silent killer, because by the time that it symptoms start showing the disease is already advanced. Stress, overweight and bad nutrition are main causes of diabetes.
What is diabetes?
When we eat the food digests it breaks to glucose that provides our body with energy. Pancreas produces a hormone known as insulin that transports the glucose to the cells of the body. But if there is not enough of produced insulin or it does not work right, the glucose stays in the blood and it level in the blood increases. We know about three main types of diabetes:
Type 1- when the pancreas can no longer produce insulin and it usually happens in children and teenagers.
Gestational diabetes usually occurs near the end of pregnancy and usually goes away after childbirth. Type 2- the most common type of diabetes. It is caused by obesity, physical inactivity, genetic predisposition, gestational diabetes in the past, high blood pressure, decreased level of “good” cholesterol.
Diabetes is a disease that can cause various complications if it is not detected in time. It can cause problems with kidneys, eyes, nerves, blood vessels, reproductive organs, and the most serious is increased risk of a stroke. These are the reasons diabetes needs to be recognized and treated on time in order to avoid secondary complication.
MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Constant feeling of fatigue
Sugar can enter the cells of healthy organism and provide it with energy. When affected with diabetes sugar stays in the blood. This results with lack of energy even when you are full. Extreme fatigue even when you are rested and slept well is one of symptoms that can warn you that you might have diabetes.
Extreme thirst and frequent urination
If you have constant unexplained sense of thirst and it leads to frequent urination you may have diabetes. This is the most common symptom in children so watch carefully if your child drinks a lot of fluids and frequently goes to toilet. This symptom can be also followed with constant feeling of dryness in the mouth.
Sudden weight loss
If you are not on a diet and you lose weight for no reason, it is a sign it is affecting you. Increased level of sugar in the blood can make you lose up to 10 kg in few months. This happens because the insulin can’t lead the sugar to the body cells and the body thinks that it is starving so it starts to consume the proteins from the muscles as alternative source of energy,
Diabetes symptoms often include vision problems, because high blood sugar pulls out fluids from the tissues, including the eyes. If it is untreated, diabetes can cause permanent vision problems. If you notice that your vision starts to blur go and get a check up as soon as possible.
When you have diabetes it weaken the ability to fight bacteria and that often causes gum infections that can turn to serious gum problems, especially if you had gum problems before diabetes.
Tingling sensations in the feet and hands
Diabetes can cause peripheral neuropathy. It starts with a feeling of tangling on both feet and then spreads through the whole leg. The same happens with arms. Even 2/3 of the people that have diabetes also have medium to serious damage of the nerves, and it is the first symptom in many cases.
Slow healing of wounds
If your injuries need a lot of time to heal, you have constant skin infections, itching, dry skin, and bad circulation, may also be signs of diabetes. Darker skin on the neck or armpits can be a sign of the body to insulin resistance and high blood sugar.
If you notice these kinds of changes on your body make sure you get a checkup. Diabetes is vicious disease and that is why you have to be aware and alerted all the time. Proper treatment of the disease and healthy nutrition can help you live quality life even with diabetes